03 Feb General Education: English – Prepositions
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A preposition links words with a sentence. It also states how two separate things are related. A preposition may indicate a location, direction, possession, or cause.
|In front of
In regard to
In spite of
If prepositions link words within a sentence, conjunctions relate or join words into single unit.
Coordinating Conjunctions– connect words or group of words
Examples: but, and, for, nor, or, so, yet
TIP: Coordinating conjunctions connect words of the same grammatical structures
Correlative Conjunctions– connect words under the same grammatical structure, but they always appear in pairs.
Examples: either….or, neither… nor
Subordinating Conjunctions– connects two complete ideas to make one dependent to other.
Examples: inasmuch as, whenever, unless
These are words that express strong feelings or emotions. They may function as an independent sentence with the speaker as the subject.
Examples: ouch, aha, alas, oh, hurray
Subject and Verb Agreement
These nouns can either take a singular or plural verb depending on how they are used in a sentence. On the other hand, if a collective noun is perceived as one entity, then it would take a singular verb. On the other hand, if a collective noun is perceived as individuals the group, it will take a plural verb.
Examples: Our debate team has won the competition
Our debate team have won all their battles
Noun ending in –s-and –ics
Nouns ending in s and ics are always paired with verbs in the singular form
Examples: Mathematics is my favorite subject
Measles is a dangerous disease
Nouns in sets of twos.
Nouns of this nature take a singular verb if the word” pair” is present. If not. They take a plural verb.
Examples: A pair of scissors in on the table
The scissors are on the table
“A number” and “The number”
Sentence beginning with the phrase “ a number” always take a plural verb, while sentences that begin with “ the number” take a singular verb”
Examples: A number of students have been expelled
The number of students being expelled is rising.
Fraction and Percent
Nouns in percent and in fraction take a singular verb if paired with a non-count noun, and vice versa.
Examples: 50% of the Earth’s water is still safe for drinking
One-third of the students were expelled
Compound subjects joined by a conjunction take plural verbs.
Examples: Paul and Robin are brothers
Neither…nor and Either…or
The verb must agree with closet noun.
Example: Neither John nor his brothers are going to America
As well and Together with
The verb must agree with the first noun (subject).
Example: the president, together with his advisers, is leaving tomorrow