General Education: English – Prepositions

General Education: English – Prepositions

Thanks for sharing in LET Reviewer Online Philippines Group

PREPOSITION

A preposition links words with a sentence. It also states how two separate things are related. A preposition may indicate a location, direction, possession, or cause.

 

Common Prepositions

 

In front of

In regard to

Inside

In spite of

Into

About

Above

Across

Against

Among

In

Near

Down

Despite

From

Beneath

During

By

By means

Amid

 

CONJUNCTION

 

If prepositions link words within a sentence, conjunctions relate or join words into single unit.

 

Coordinating Conjunctions– connect words or group of words

Examples: but, and, for, nor, or, so, yet

TIP: Coordinating conjunctions connect words of the same grammatical structures

Correlative Conjunctions– connect words under the same grammatical structure, but they always appear in pairs.

Examples: either….or, neither… nor

 

Subordinating Conjunctions– connects two complete ideas to make one dependent to other.

Examples: inasmuch as, whenever, unless

 

INTERJECTION

 

These are words that express strong feelings or emotions. They  may function as an independent sentence with the speaker as the subject.

Examples: ouch, aha, alas, oh, hurray

 

Subject and Verb Agreement

 

Collective Nouns

These nouns can either take a singular or plural verb depending on how they are used in a sentence. On the other hand, if a collective noun is perceived as one entity, then it would take a singular verb. On the other hand, if a collective noun is perceived as individuals the group, it will take a plural verb.

Examples:  Our debate team has won the competition

                   Our debate team have won all their battles

 

Noun ending in –s-and –ics

 

Nouns ending in s and ics are always paired with verbs in the singular form

Examples: Mathematics is my favorite subject

                 Measles is a dangerous disease     

 

Nouns in sets of  twos.

Nouns of this nature take a singular verb if the word” pair” is present. If not. They take a plural verb.

Examples: A pair of scissors in on the table

                 The scissors are on the table

 

“A number” and “The number”

Sentence beginning with the phrase “ a number” always take  a  plural verb, while sentences that begin with “ the number” take a singular verb”

Examples: A number of students have been expelled

                 The number of students being expelled is rising.

 

Fraction and Percent

Nouns in percent and in fraction take a singular verb if paired with a non-count noun, and vice versa.

Examples: 50% of the Earth’s water is still safe for drinking

                 One-third of the students were expelled

 

Compound Nouns

Compound subjects joined by a conjunction take plural verbs.

Examples: Paul and Robin are brothers

 

Neither…nor and Either…or

The verb must agree with closet noun.

Example: Neither John nor his brothers are going to America

 

As well and Together with

The verb must agree with the first noun (subject).

Example: the president, together with his advisers, is leaving tomorrow

 

No Comments

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.