General Education: English – Prepositions

General Education: English – Prepositions

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A preposition links words with a sentence. It also states how two separate things are related. A preposition may indicate a location, direction, possession, or cause.


Common Prepositions


In front of

In regard to


In spite of















By means





If prepositions link words within a sentence, conjunctions relate or join words into single unit.


Coordinating Conjunctions– connect words or group of words

Examples: but, and, for, nor, or, so, yet

TIP: Coordinating conjunctions connect words of the same grammatical structures

Correlative Conjunctions– connect words under the same grammatical structure, but they always appear in pairs.

Examples: either….or, neither… nor


Subordinating Conjunctions– connects two complete ideas to make one dependent to other.

Examples: inasmuch as, whenever, unless




These are words that express strong feelings or emotions. They  may function as an independent sentence with the speaker as the subject.

Examples: ouch, aha, alas, oh, hurray


Subject and Verb Agreement


Collective Nouns

These nouns can either take a singular or plural verb depending on how they are used in a sentence. On the other hand, if a collective noun is perceived as one entity, then it would take a singular verb. On the other hand, if a collective noun is perceived as individuals the group, it will take a plural verb.

Examples:  Our debate team has won the competition

                   Our debate team have won all their battles


Noun ending in –s-and –ics


Nouns ending in s and ics are always paired with verbs in the singular form

Examples: Mathematics is my favorite subject

                 Measles is a dangerous disease     


Nouns in sets of  twos.

Nouns of this nature take a singular verb if the word” pair” is present. If not. They take a plural verb.

Examples: A pair of scissors in on the table

                 The scissors are on the table


“A number” and “The number”

Sentence beginning with the phrase “ a number” always take  a  plural verb, while sentences that begin with “ the number” take a singular verb”

Examples: A number of students have been expelled

                 The number of students being expelled is rising.


Fraction and Percent

Nouns in percent and in fraction take a singular verb if paired with a non-count noun, and vice versa.

Examples: 50% of the Earth’s water is still safe for drinking

                 One-third of the students were expelled


Compound Nouns

Compound subjects joined by a conjunction take plural verbs.

Examples: Paul and Robin are brothers


Neither…nor and Either…or

The verb must agree with closet noun.

Example: Neither John nor his brothers are going to America


As well and Together with

The verb must agree with the first noun (subject).

Example: the president, together with his advisers, is leaving tomorrow


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